Karate is a Japanese martial art form, while Taekwondo originated in Korea.
New sports in Olympics 2020
Following the 2012 Games, the IOC assessed the 26 sports held in London, with the remit of selecting 25 ‘core’ sports to join new entrants golf and rugby sevens at the 2020 Games. In effect, this would involve the dropping of one sport from the 2016 Games program.
This would leave a single vacancy in the 2020 Games program, which the IOC would seek to fill from a shortlist containing seven unrepresented sports and the removed sport. Events such as modern pentathlon, taekwondo and badminton were among those considered vulnerable.
On 12 February 2013, IOC leaders voted to drop wrestling from the Olympic program, a surprise decision that removed one of the oldest Olympic sports from the 2020 Games. Wrestling, which combines freestyle and Greco-Roman events, goes back to the inaugural modern Olympics in Athens in 1896, and even further to the Ancient Olympic Games.
The decision to drop wrestling was opposed in many countries and by their NOCs. Wrestling therefore joined other sports in a short list applying for inclusion in the 2020 Games.
On 29 May 2013, it was announced that three sports made the final shortlist; squash, baseball/softball, and wrestling. Five other sports (karate, roller sports, sport climbing,wakeboarding, and wushu) were excluded from consideration at this point. On 8 September 2013, at the 125th IOC Session, the IOC selected wrestling to be included in the Olympic program for 2020 and 2024. Wrestling secured 49 votes, while baseball/softball secured 24 votes and squash got 22 votes.
Under new IOC policies that shift the Games to an “event-based” programme rather than sport-based, the host organizing committee can now also propose the addition of sports to the programme. This rule is designed so that sports popular in the host country can be added to the programme to improve local interest.
As a result of these changes, a new shortlist of eight sports were unveiled on 22 June 2015, consisting of baseball/softball, bowling, karate, roller sports, sport climbing, squash, surfing, and wushu. On 28 September 2015, organisers submitted their shortlist of five proposed sports to the IOC: baseball/softball, karate, sport climbing, surfing, and skateboarding.
The five proposed sports were approved on 3 August 2016 by the IOC during the 129th IOC Session in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and will be included in the sports programme for 2020, bringing the total number of sports at the 2020 Olympics to 33; however, these sports have only been approved for the 2020 Games, and some of these sports may not appear in the 2024 Games.